For a colourful queer movement in Belgrade, Istanbul, Moscow and Berlin
– Equal rights for everyone all over Europe!
In the end of June this year the Istiklal in Istanbul flourished in rainbow colours. More than 60.000 people demonstrated against homophobia and discrimination as well as equal rights. These pictures give us hope that there is movement for queer demands.
However: If in Russia, where a law has been put into place on the 30th June against the propaganda of “non-traditional sexual relations” which already led to massively increasing assaults against homosexual people and societal exclusion. If in Serbia, where the Pride Parade has been banned again and can only take place – if possible at all – under huge police presence and queer activists need to be in fear of physical assault every day. Or if in France, where a big counter movement to the opening of marriage has formed – everywhere it becomes clear: Despite progress in some areas homo- and transphobia are still growing in many parts of Europe.
Especially the situation in Russia is alarming. Everywhere in the world people went to the streets in order to demonstrate against the law against propaganda of “non-traditional sexual relations”. But also in other countries of the former Sowjet Union the situation is more than worrying. In countries like Ukraine, Moldavia, Armenia and Belarus similar laws are being planned – if they have not been implemented yet. This situation has to change!
BÜNDNIS 90/DIE GRÜNEN have always been fighting for equal rights for Lesbians, Gays, Biand Transsexuals, Transgender, Intersexuals and queer people (LGBTTIQ) in the European Union and in all over Europe. Freedom of sexual orientation and gender identity as well as protection from discrimination are inalienable human rights. We want to raise awareness around these unacceptable ongoings. We are fighting for a Europe where equal rights for all and a life without fear are possible.
One of our most important partners in this struggle are local and international civil society
organisations. We are concinved that change in society needs to come from the street as well. That is why we are fighting for strong colourful queer movements in Germany and Europe!
Antidiscrimination politics in the EU
The European Union is not pushing enough for progress in the field of antidiscrimination politics anymore. Because of a lack of implementation of antidiscrimination directives in many Member States the EU is no longer an example in this field.
Until today, the antidiscrimination directive has been blocked within the council by some states – led by Germany. This directive is supposed to secure people from discrimination because of their sexual orientation in their everyday life. At the same time it is supposed to give a basis for the legal recognition of multiple discrimination. We still do not have minimum standards in the fields of services and goods, education, health care, and social security related to sexual orientation. There is still no union suit right in the EU. This needs to change!
Post-war societies in the Balkans
Especially when linked to nationalist ideologies homo- and transphobic rhetorics become a threat for security for queer activists very quickly. In 2010 during the attack on the Pride Parade in Belgrade 160 people were harmed – many of them severely. The different churches also play a very problematic role in the reproduction and spreading of homophobic rhetorics and attitudes.
At the same time all states in the South-East of Europe want to join the European Union after the accessions of Slovenia and Croatia. We Greens support this process and see the accession to the EU as the only long-term peace perspective for the region.
A big part of the population of these countries want a societal opening, a strong civil society and secured human and civil rights. They are hoping for positive impulses from the EU. We are in solidarity with these people and fight so that everyone can build their future independent of sexual orientation or gender identity.
“Gay parade as a ticket into the EU?”
Still there are strong nationalist movements that try to deepen social conflicts in the society by agitating against Roma and Sinti, LGBTTIQ or other minorities. The Serbian Prime Minister Ivica Dacic made his homophobic and anti-European attitude explicit when he said that he does not care about entering the EU “if the gay parade is the ticket to it”. This attitude is not rare and marginal in the Serbian society.
In the last year the Pride Parade in Belgrade was banned again – explaining that the security of the participants could not be guaranteed. In Sarajevo in 2008 a queer art festival had to be cancelled after an attack by fundamentalists and also in Croatia demonstrations for equal rights have again and again been under attack – lately the Pride in Split in 2011.
Queer activism is still far too often confronted with intimidation, discrimination and even physical violence. This situation is completely unacceptable. The European Union has to send a clear sign that the commitment to human rights is a pre-condition for successful accession negotiations. In former negotiations with Croatia this has already proven to be possible and things moved inside of the Croatian society. The introduction of a civil partnership law is being discussed in the government now and first steps are being taken against homophobia in schools and universities. Still not everything is perfect.
Most importantly, the EU has to engage more in communication with the society and not only put focus on legal progress. An open communication with the population is especially important when LGBTTIQ are portrayed as scapegoats for a slowing down of negotiation talks. That is why it needs more transparency in accession processes.
Who, if not us…?
Green parties all over Europe have come from different social movements that were very often repressed by state authorities. Especially the Gay and Lesbian movement as well as the women’s rights movement were and still are core for the vision of society that the Greens are pushing for – not only in Germany, but everywhere in Europe and the world.
We are aware that due to former decisions we have a huge responsibility towards countries in the South-East of Europe – especially with regards to peace and human rights. We want to show this awareness through an active support also of LGBTTIQ movements in the region.
Thus, BÜNDNIS 90/DIE GRÜNEN demand and support:
- The immediate retraction of all misanthropic legislation such as the law against propaganda of “non-traditional sexual relations” that has been put in place since the 30th June in Russia.
- A special focus on the situation of LGBTTIQ in all negotiations for accession with the EU.
- The recognition and integration of LGBTTIQ in laws for protection of hate crimes and hate speech.
- The strengthening of EU programmes supporting civil rights organisations fighting for
rights of LGBTTIQ.
- A strong financial fundament for exchange programmes under the umbrella of the EU and the Council of Europe in order to give incentive to create more contact between queer activists and organisations – especially in the youth field.
- A stronger queer movement Europe- and worldwide supported for example by international queer and human rights organisations such as ILGA, IGLYO and the Eddy-Hirschfeld Foundation.
- The introduction of an equal marriage for all in Germany.
- The full implementation of the antidiscrimination directive in professional life – by giving up the blocking of the 5th antidiscrimination directive in the council.
- More focus on LGBTTIQ issues in the human rights committee of the United Nations.
- In concrete terms, the BDK is urging the MPs in the German Bundestag to use the existing majority for an opening of marriage in the Bundestag today to undertake this important step.